What are the benefits of having refugee status?
If the application is approved, the refugee will be able to travel to the U.S. and enter the country with a valid visa. Also, the refugee will have the following benefits - s/he will be:
- Immediately able to work in the US, based on his/her Form I-94, which contains a refugee admission stamp. Also, s/he will later be granted work authorization through an Employment Authorization Document (EAD);*
- Eligible for adjustment of status (applying for legal permanent residency/green card) after one year of being granted the refugee status. (Note: In fact, the law says that refugees are required to submit an application for permanent residence one year after entry** - please talk to a lawyer for more information on this); and
- Able to sponsor her/his spouse and unmarried minor children within the first two years of being granted refugee status.*** Note: Unmarried minor children (under the age of 21) could include an adopted child (if the adoption meets the requirements in INA § 101(b)(1)(E)) and a step-child who became your step-child before s/he turned 18.****
Can my family members benefit from my refugee status?
Yes. If you have already been granted refugee status, you may apply for derivative refugee benefits for your spouse or unmarried minor children if they are accompanying you or plan to join you. This means that your spouse and/or children may be granted refugee status based on your own refugee status.
To meet the definition of spouse, you need to be legally married according to your home country’s law. However, the U.S. will not recognize some legal marriages, even if those can be considered legal marriages in your home country (i.e., gay marriages, polygamous marriages, etc.) Unmarried minor children (under the age of 21) could include an adopted child (if the adoption meets the requirements in INA § 101(b)(1)(E)) and a step-child who became your step-child before s/he turned 18.*
You can sponsor your spouse and unmarried minor children within the first two years of being granted refugee status.** You may sponsor your family members whether they are in the U.S or overseas but the request may only be filed by the principal refugee.***
For more information and requirements about bringing over family members of refugees, please see the USCIS website's page, Family of Refugees & Asylees.
* INA § 101(b)(1)
** See USCIS website
*** 8 CFR § 207.7(d)
Can I become a lawful permanent resident if I hold refugee status? What are the requirements?
Yes. If you were admitted as a refugee, you are required by law to apply for a green card (permanent residence) in the United States one year after being admitted as a refugee if you:
- Have been physically present in the U.S. for at least one year after being granted refugee status;
- Have not had your refugee admission terminated; and
- Have not already acquired permanent resident (green card) status.*
In order to file for adjustment of status to become a legal permanent resident, there are many forms that you need to file. Go to the USCIS website here and scroll down to the section called “Supporting Evidence For Form I-485” to read the long list of documents that must be filed. As in any other immigration proceeding, it is always recommended to speak with a lawyer who can help you to file the correct documents. To find a lawyer, please go to the Finding a Lawyer page and select your state or our National Organizations - International/ Immigration page.
See USCIS website's “Green Card for a Refugee”